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Diarrhoea-Introduction, Types, Etiological Agent, Keynotes, and Further Readings

Diarrhoea-Introduction, Types, Etiological Agent, Keynotes, and Further Readings Introduction of Diarrhoea Diarrhoea may be defined as increase infrequency, fluidity, or volume of bowel movements relatives to usual habits of each individual. Dysentry is the passage of blood and mucus with motion often with tenesmus. Traveller's diarrhoea  is an acute diarrhoea illness that sometimes occurs in visitors from foreign countries, within a week or two of arrival in developing countries or develops diarrhoea soon after return to home. Food poisoning: Any type of illness acquired through...

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Morphological Characteristics of Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii in Lactophenol Cotton Blue Preparation

Morphological Characteristics of Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii in Lactophenol Cotton Blue Preparation Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii in a Lactophenol Cotton Blue (LPCB) preparation: When examining a culture of Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii  (Serotype A) Strainsin a Lactophenol Cotton Blue (LPCB) preparation, we can observe the following distinctive characteristics: Appearance Shape: The yeast cells are typically round or oval. Size: Cells are usually 4-10 micrometers in diameter. Capsule: A prominent clear halo surrounds each yeast cell, indicating the presence of a polysaccharide capsule. The capsule does not stain with...

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Enterococcus gallinarum – Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Enterococcus gallinarum - Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes Introduction of Enterococcus gallinarum Enterococcus gallinarum is a Gram-positive bacterium. It belongs to the Enterococcus genus. This bacterium typically inhabits the intestines of poultry. However, it can cause infections in humans. These infections mainly affect immunocompromised patients. E. gallinarum shows intrinsic resistance to vancomycin. It often requires specialized antibiotics for treatment. Identification involves biochemical and molecular tests. The bacterium grows well on blood agar. Colonies are small and grayish. It tests negative for catalase and oxidase....

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